Why Is Placenta Tissue Banking Important?
The placenta tissue is the essential organs for the growth and protection of the fetus inside the uterus. These valuable tissues, quite different from the rest, including the muscle organs and tissues, cartilage, skin, bone. The stem cell tissues aren’t only used to protect the baby, but the mother too. Placental tissue is abundant in “stromal” stem cells, also the umbilical cord.
The placental tissue reconstructs the blood cells because it contains mesenchymal (MSCs). At present, the blood of the placenta is collected and it can be stored together the cord blood and tissue.
The placenta tissue is different thanks to the MSC (Mesenchymal Stromal Cells) a genetic mother’s phosphorous, these cells are collected, stored and help regenerate a variety of tissues inside the body. Many different types of tissues are generated from the pluripotential Mesenchymal Cells.
This bag shaped organ “is created at the beginning of the second week of the third month” this bag starts swelling as the fetus grow. Formed by a Uterus and Tobias membrane.
¿How does the placenta works?
It functions as a home base for the embryo during the formation, receiving many nutrients, oxygen and carbon dioxide coming from the umbilical cord’s breathing mechanism. The fetus waste is then evacuated by the mother’s kidney.
The mother’s blood flow is transmitted through the placenta inside, at least 500 to 700 cm 3 per second. It nourishes, oxygenates and discards any fecal matter.
Conservation of the placenta for later consumption after childbirth contains Prostaglandin important for blood coagulation, needed to close the uterus. This organ contains vitamins and hormones capable of lowering male and female postpartum depression, men can be beneficiated of the placenta too, reducing hair loss. Contains oxytocin which helps in the reduction of stress, stimulates the production of milk during the lactation period. This can be seen in the whole animal kingdom, mother eating their own placenta for its nutrients.
There are some parties called “Placenta Parties”, promoting family and friend gatherings, to savor this nutritious tissue, quite common in the United Kingdom.
Placenta goes through a metamorphosis through a weekly phase, placenta grade 0 to 3:
- Grade 0: Formed during the first and second trimester, there’s no difference in the basal and Corial plate.
- Grade 1: In this grade, its appearance starts to change, there are some changes in the calcification of the corial plaque, starting at the 31st week of the pregnancy.
- Grade 2: There’s a visible growth of the placenta bag, forming calcium deposits, also, the basal plaque has separated from the biometric and the corial plaque looks voluptuous and wavy.
- Grade 3: In the last phase, the placenta starts aging, losing some of its nutrients in the process.