What is Cord Blood Banking
Cord blood banking is about extracting and storing the blood obtained from the umbilical cord of baby immediately after the birth. These are materials which were just thrown away for centuries, and now these materials have turned into hidden gold, especially after the researchers realized that cells extracted from cord blood are more primitive and thus better suited for various needs in regenerative medicine.
Umbilical Cord Blood Banking
Whenever you keep the blood from a baby’s umbilical cord blood, you are preserving future’s health. These cells are very precious because they can treat many diseases, reverting the root of the origin of cancer, autism, brain lesion, containing many valuable hematopoietic stems cells.
Stem cell therapy is not new. Neither does all organs lose the ability to grow and differentiate with age. One good example of a tissue that continues to renew during the whole of our life is blood and immune cells. Stem cells in bone marrow multiply and differentiate to create red and white blood cells. Thus the first bone marrow transplant in the 1960s could be regarded as the beginning of modern regenerative medicine.
Cord Blood Banking Benefits
Storing umbilical cord blood may work as insurance for the whole family
Can be used not only to treat diseases of the blood, but many of the cells extracted from bone marrow can help in regeneration of other organs, search for other sources of stem cells started.
The most significant benefit of cord blood is the ease of extraction of stem cell from it. Further, there is no invasive procedure involved. Unlike some other sources like an embryo, there are no ethical issues attached to it. Moreover, most importantly, cells extracted from cord blood are more primitive, meaning that there is no need for exact matching between donor and client.
Hence the stored cord blood can serve as an excellent source of stem cells for the whole family and close relatives. Moreover, it is just a beginning of regenerative medicine. Science is finding more and more beneficial seed cells in the cord blood. At first, it is considered as a good source of hematopoietic stem cells; now they know that it is rich in mesenchymal stem cells and much more. Thus many new uses of umbilical cord blood are being discovered. Regenerative medicine is still in infancy, and many good things are yet to come.
Storing the blood from a baby’s umbilical cord can save their lives and many of your family members from related bone marrow diseases (lymphomas or leukemia), congenital immunodeficiencies or metabolic disorders, and more than 80 treatable diseases.
The stem cells located in the baby’s umbilical cord have the benefit of becoming with some chemistry in different types of cells to replace and cure many damaged cells, like bones, nerves and blood cells.
Once you have decided to store the blood from the umbilical cord, there are few things to know. People have two option at their disposal; one is public and another private cord blood banking.
As the name says, a public bank is free and open for all; it means that anyone can get stem cells from a public bank. Stem cells stored in public banks are not person’s property, it is for the benefit of the public.
The use of this blood is available to any patient who needs it. If you choose to donate your umbilical cord blood to the public bank, tell your gynecologist who will give you the information required for the donation process.
The umbilical cords blood can be donated to public banks to help patients who need it during an urgent operation. Here is a map of all the banks: Here
USA Donations only: Here
Public Banks in other countries: Here
To guarantee the exclusive use of the blood for your son, and for your family, it will keep the stem cells ready when required. Taking this options
doesn’t mean you won’t be able to use a public bank if needed. Private Bank Exclusive use of blood for your child and family.
The private banks provide service for money, means there are collection, processing, and annual storage costs involved. However, cord blood cells
stored in private bank remains the property of the donor. Among the private and highly professional cord blood storage facilities are those run by americord.
These cells are stored by mixing special reagents in them and then freezing at extremely low temperature. Experience shows that when stored in such manner, cells remain valid and expandable even after several decades of storage. Properly stored cord blood remains a quality product for a long time.
What Does Cord Blood Banking Cost
There are two forms of payments that affect the cost when it comes to private banking:
- The first offer, which is determined by the bank, is offered annually. The initial payment goes for about $1,500, or even more. Keep in mind that this cost covers the first initial year. After that, you will be required to pay about $100 or more on an annual basis, to cover the storage costs.
- The second form of payment is much better and a lot cheaper. This is where the bank asks for payment that will cover for the next 20 years. This helps take a load off your shoulders for a long time. For both public and direct- donation banks, the banks do not charge any fee.
Storing Private of Cord Blood
The cord blood is stored in cord blood banks. In public cord blood banks, it is not reserved for the donor’s family specifically. But at storing private cord blood, parents can reserve their sample for future use. Following gives an idea about the top four facilities currently in operation which has gained the accreditation from the authorities such as FDA and AABB.
Why do Cord Blood Banking?
Cord blood is a rich source of stem cells, that can be multiplied in lab conditions, and differentiated to treat various diseases. Thus stem cells injected in joints may help cartridge to regrow, they may help to treat diabetes, different blood disorders, cancers, and even neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.
Many new uses of cord blood are yet being developed. Cell therapy is considered to be future of medicine, and cord blood would have a central role to play in the future of medicine. Thus cord blood banking is a safe procedure that can improve lives of future generations.
How is Cord Blood Collected
Cord blood collection is 100% safe and non-invasive method for a child and mother. It is obtained from the umbilical cord immediately after a normal birth or cesarean. These are the materials that are discarded, and end up being in the trash. The umbilical cord is a cord that connects the baby with mother, and a child is fed through this cord while in a womb.
After the child’s birth, doctors cut the umbilical cord and baby is separated from the placenta. Then doctors insert the collection bag needle in the umbilical cord to collect the blood from it. Once the blood has been obtained, it is immediately transported to the laboratory for further processing.
Once at the laboratory, they would measure the quantity. The content of the bag is further processed by adding some reagents, and then the material is sent to be frozen stored at -196oC.
Treatment about 80 Diseases
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
- Acute myeloblastic leukemia
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Juvenile chronic myeloid leukemia
- Burkitt’s lymphoma
- Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
- Hodgkin’s disease
- Myelodysplastic syndrome
- Blackfan-Diamond anemia
- Severe aplastic anemia
- Anemia of Fanconi
- Amegakaryocytic thrombocythemia
- Kostmann’s syndrome
- Congenital dyskeratosis
- Sickle cell anemia
- Reticular dysplasia
- Omenn’s Syndrome
- Severe combined immunodeficiency
- Thymic dysplasia
- Associated with the X chromosome
- Leukocyte adhesion deficit
- Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
- Lymphoproliferative syndrome
- Gunther’s disease
- Lesch-Nyhan disease
- Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome
- Hunter Syndrome
- Hurler syndrome
- Krabbe disease