Placenta Tissue, Cord Blood and Cord Tissue Banks
Today’s era of regenerative medicine the cord blood and cord tissue banking is Revolutionizing the biology showing well favorable results with this reason are preserved in a safe place for the family future.
In today’s era of regenerative medicine, several diseases can be treated by using stem cells. Stem cell banking offers the individuals the opportunity to cryogenically preserve their child’s stem cells to be used in the future applications if the need arises.
The stem cell sources can include umbilical cord blood and cord tissue banking, placenta tissue and bone marrow. Stem cells can be obtained from these sources without too much difficulty and can be stored at the time of the birth. However, collection methods, transportation, and storage methods can vary between laboratories which can affect the overall quality of the final stem cell product.
The placenta tissue is an organ of utmost importance for the growth and protection of the fetus inside the uterus The only bank who offers placenta tissue is “Americord”, where the stem cells aren’t only used to protect the child, but the mother too.
The placenta tissue can be found in abundance inside the “mesenchymal” stem cells, as in the umbilical cord. These placental tissues are multipotent, which means they can be differentiated from other many cells, including muscle organs and tissue, skin, bone, cartilage and fat cells.
During the pregnancy, the placenta sustains the life of the fetus. However, it is considered clinical waste and thrown away most of the time. It is now becoming popular as a useful source of stem cells.
Furthermore, it is considered to have immunomodulatory properties due to maintaining the fetomaternal barrier. The extraction of placental tissue involves procedures that dissect, disperse mechanically and digestion with enzymes such as collagenase, pancreatin, and disease. The umbilical cord tissue is collected from a different stem cell usually located in the umbilical cord blood. Scientifically named mesenchymal stem cells (MSCS), which are extremely potent.
The cell yield is relatively less when compared to umbilical cord blood. It can be stored just like umbilical cord blood. Nevertheless, the harvesting methods those are currently available has reduced efficacy. notwithstanding, the extraction methods have to be more efficient in obtaining these stem cells. In the near future, placental tissue will be able to regenerate many types of tissues and transplant them without any difficulty.
Americord is the only bank who offers the parents the opportunity to collect enough stem cells to treat their children in their teenage years, even to the adult age, The efficient Cord Blood 2.0 is a technology which can extract enough stem cells to put in check diseases up to a weight of 75kg. Usually, on the market, banks receive enough stem cells to treat a child weighing less than 30kg.
Umbilical cord blood banking is well established in today’s medical practice. It can also be collected by using a 60cc syringe. The collection should be completed within 5 minutes. And usually, 70-80 ml is usually collected. Most blood banks use aliquots to be used in several procedures.
The collected blood is processed to deplete its red cells using various methods.Private cord blood banks charge a specific amount of money initially for transport and processing of the sample and then a yearly fee for maintaining and storing the sample. It can be used for the personal benefit of the child or siblings.
Public cord blood banks do not charge any fees and only accept donations. But they do not reserve the sample for the family who donated it. The samples will be issued for the families which need them. All the necessary HLA genes have to be matched for the sample to be used.
The marrow cord tissue is collected from a different stem cell usually located in the umbilical cord blood. Scientifically named mesenchymal stem cells (MSCS), which are extremely potent. This makes them different from other types of cells and tissues, including muscle organs and tissue, regenerate brain cells, child cancer, skin, cartilage and fat cells, bones. More about this process cord blood and cord tissue research
Cord tissue is an additional source of hematopoietic stem cells as well as mesenchymal stem cells. It can be banked as a future source of stem cells for tissue regeneration. Cord tissue also contains endothelial and epithelial cells that may prove to be beneficial in this task. Cord tissue should be collected more than 90cc and processed within 2 hours of birth to obtain the most number of stem cells.
There are special techniques to obtain the limited number of these stem cells such as scraping out Wharton’s jelly, isolation, the culture of cord tissue explants and venous epithelium cells. Then they are expanded in vitro to have a good yield of cells.
The cells can be used for many numbers of therapies if the institute has an efficient way of obtaining the cells. Cord tissue stem cells are currently being studied in the treatment of lung cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, Parkinson’s disease and cartilage injuries in sport. These mesenchymal stem cells are also being investigated for type 1 diabetes and Autism spectrum disorder.
The most valuable cells that the baby has to save lives is “cord blood and cord tissue banking” puediendo be more than 80 new liver and continues research, a specialist bank is Viacord
About Cord Blood Banking